Assessment of Drug-Drug Interaction in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia: A Retrospective Study

Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:9792363. doi: 10.1155/2017/9792363. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Abstract

Introduction: Adverse drug interaction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its occurrence is influenced by a multitude of factors. The influences of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) can be minimized through creation of awareness to health care professionals.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess DDIs in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (ACSH).

Methodology: A retrospective study design was employed on patient prescriptions available in the outpatient department of pharmacy and filled from September 2016 to February 2017 in ACSH.

Result: From the 600 prescription records assessed, the average number of drugs on single prescription was 2.73. Regarding the interaction observed 34 (9.63%) prescriptions with major drug-drug interaction, 210 (59.5%) moderate, 87 (24.65%) minor, and 22 (6.22%) unknown were identified. Age category showed significant association to affect the occurrence of DDIs and polypharmacy had statistically significant association with DDIs in bivariate analysis which was lost in adjusted OR.

Conclusion: From the current study it can be concluded that nearly half of the prescription ordered in ACSH contained DDIs and from the prescription with interacting medications majority of them had moderate DDIs.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Drug Interactions*
  • Drug Prescriptions / statistics & numerical data*
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / epidemiology*
  • Ethiopia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult