Ten patients had a wedge resection of the symphysis pubis for the treatment of symptoms of osteitis pubis that had been recalcitrant to non-operative treatment for at least six months. Preoperatively, the average duration of symptoms was thirty-two months. The symptoms included a waddling gait and crepitus, pain, and tenderness over the symphysis pubis. The early radiographic signs of the disease were rarefaction of the adjacent pubic bones and widening of the symphysis pubis. Later signs included sclerosis and narrowing of the symphyseal joint space. Pathological examination of the resected joint revealed chronic inflammatory reaction in all patients. At an average of fourteen months postoperatively, all of the patients had marked improvement and were fully active. However, at an average of ninety-two months postoperatively, three of the ten patients were not satisfied with the result. One patient needed bilateral sacro-iliac arthrodesis for pain that was caused by instability.