Supporting Active Mobility and Green Jobs through the Promotion of Cycling

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Dec 19;14(12):1603. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121603.


This article is a summary of the main findings of the study "Riding towards the green economy: cycling and green jobs", which was developed in the context of the Transport, Health and Environment pan-European Programme (THE PEP). It builds on previous work under THE PEP, which demonstrated the job creation potential of cycling and of green and healthy transport more generally. The report summarized in this article collected data on jobs associated with cycling directly from city authorities and analysed these to re-assess previous estimates of the job creation potential of cycling. It concluded that the number of cycling-related jobs in the pan-European Region could increase by 435,000 in selected major cities if they increased their cycling share to that of the Danish capital Copenhagen. The implications and potential role of municipal and sub-national authorities in facilitating cycling while supporting economic development are then discussed. These findings indicate that investment in policies that promote cycling could deliver not only important benefits for health, the environment and the quality of urban life, but could also contribute to a sizable creation of job opportunities. Authorities need to be proactive in promoting cycling in order to deliver these benefits.

Keywords: THE PEP; active mobility; cycling; green jobs; job creation; sustainable mobility.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bicycling / statistics & numerical data*
  • Employment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Employment / trends
  • Europe
  • European Union
  • Humans