The pTEN/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways play a critical role in balancing cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Recent studies researched the associations of core genes in the pTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway polymorphisms with the cancer susceptibility; however, the results are inconclusive. Therefore, a systematically meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the five SNPs (mTOR rs2295080 and rs2536, AKT1 rs2494750 and rs2494752, pTEN rs701848) and cancer risk by systematic review of the literature in 31 eligible studies. The results showed a significant decreased risk between rs2295080 TG, GG genotype, and GG/TG genotypes and overall cancer [TG vs.TT: OR(95% CI) = 0.82(0.76, 0.89), GG/TG vs. TT: OR(95% CI) = 0.82(0.76, 0.88), and GG vs.
Tg/tt: OR(95% CI) = 0.67(0.51, 0.88)] and the subgroup of urinary system cancer and digestive system cancer. Moreover, the SNP rs701848 CC, TC genotype showed significantly increased the overall cancer risk both in dominant model [CC/TC vs. TT: OR(95% CI) = 1.25(1.15, 1.36)] and recessive model [CC vs.
Tc/tt: OR(95% CI) = 1.20(1.09, 1.32)], and digestive system cancer and urinary system cancer. In addition, AG genotype and GG/AG genotype of rs2494752 was associated with increased risk of cancer. Therefore, this meta-analysis provided genetic risk factors for carcinogenesis and the most valid cancer prevalence estimate for Asian population.