Endoscopic submucosal dissection in a patient with esophageal adenoid cystic carcinoma

World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Dec 7;23(45):8097-8103. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i45.8097.

Abstract

We report the first use of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for the treatment of a patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the esophagus (EACC). An 82-year-old woman visited our hospital for evaluation of an esophageal submucosal tumor. Endoscopic examination showed a submucosal tumor in the middle third of the esophagus. The lesion partially stained with Lugol's solution, and narrow band imaging with magnification showed intrapapillary capillary loops with mild dilatation and a divergence of caliber in the center of the lesion. Endoscopic ultrasound imaging revealed a solid 8 mm × 4.2 mm tumor, primarily involving the second and third layers of the esophagus. A preoperative biopsy was non-diagnostic. ESD was performed to resect the lesion, an 8 mm submucosal tumor. Immunohistologically, tumor cells differentiating into ductal epithelium and myoepithelium were observed, and the tissue type was adenoid cystic carcinoma. There was no evidence of esophageal wall, vertical stump or horizontal margin invasion with pT1b-SM2 staining (1800 μm from the muscularis mucosa). Further studies are needed to assess the use of ESD for the treatment of patients with EACC.

Keywords: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of esophagus; Endoscope; Endoscopic submucosal dissection; Esophageal; Tumor; Ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biopsy
  • Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / surgery*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection / methods*
  • Endosonography
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Esophagoscopy / methods*
  • Esophagus / diagnostic imaging
  • Esophagus / pathology
  • Esophagus / surgery
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Mucous Membrane / pathology
  • Mucous Membrane / surgery
  • Narrow Band Imaging
  • Treatment Outcome