On possibilities of using global monitoring in effective prevention of tailings storage facilities failures

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Feb;25(6):5280-5297. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-0995-x. Epub 2017 Dec 19.


Protection of common natural goods is one of the greatest challenges man faces every day. Extracting and processing natural resources such as mineral deposits contributes to the transformation of the natural environment. The number of activities designed to keep balance are undertaken in accordance with the concept of integrated order. One of them is the use of comprehensive systems of tailings storage facility monitoring. Despite the monitoring, system failures still occur. The quantitative aspect of the failures illustrates both the scale of the problem and the quantitative aspect of the consequences of tailings storage facility failures. The paper presents vast possibilities provided by the global monitoring in the effective prevention of these failures. Particular attention is drawn to the potential of using multidirectional monitoring, including technical and environmental monitoring by the example of one of the world's biggest hydrotechnical constructions-Żelazny Most Tailings Storage Facility (TSF), Poland. Analysis of monitoring data allows to take preventive action against construction failures of facility dams, which can have devastating effects on human life and the natural environment.

Keywords: CPTU; DMT; Embankment dams failures; Monitoring of tailings storage facilities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Conservation of Natural Resources / methods*
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Mining*
  • Poland
  • Structure Collapse / prevention & control*