Low-level Laser Therapy on Postoperative Pain after Mandibular Third Molar Surgery

Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2017 Jul-Dec;7(2):207-216. doi: 10.4103/ams.ams_5_17.

Abstract

Introduction: The analgesic effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) after mandibular third molar (MTM) extraction is controversial. The aim is to evaluate the effect of intraoral LLLT on postoperative pain after MTMs extraction.

Methods: Thirty patients with bilateral symmetrical impacted MTMs underwent surgical extractions. Experimental and control sides were randomly selected to receive LLLT or placebo. Following suturing, a dental assistant applied 810 nm gallium aluminum arsenide (GaAlAs) at three points for 30 s each with a total energy of 9 J. Pain was recorded on a visual analog scale on the 7 successive days.

Results: Data analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics 23 for Windows with P ≤ 0.05 significance level. LLLT appeared to have a high significant effect on pain reduction; however, there was a mild increase in pain after the 4th day.

Conclusion: Intraoral 810 nm GaAlAs is effective in reducing postoperative pain when a dose of 32.86 J/cm2 is used.

Keywords: Gallium aluminum arsenides; low-level laser therapy; pain; third molar extraction; visual analog scale.