Background: 'No evidence of disease activity' (NEDA), a composite measure of clinical and magnetic resonance imaging outcomes, provides a comprehensive assessment of disease activity, but is not extensively reported in clinical practice. NEDA-3 is defined as patients with no new/enlarged T2 or gadolinium-enhancing lesions, no relapses, and no disability progression (according to Expanded Disability Status Scale scores). NEDA-4 comprises the components of NEDA-3 and a fourth criterion of ≤ 0.4% annualized brain volume loss.
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess NEDA status among patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis receiving fingolimod in clinical practice.
Methods: Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging data were retrospectively collected from 590 patients who initiated fingolimod at 33 multiple sclerosis centers in the USA. Patients were required to have a magnetic resonance imaging scan in the 6 months before or 1 month after fingolimod initiation (index period) and in the 9-24 months after fingolimod initiation (post-index period). Magnetic resonance imaging data were systematically quantified at a centralized reading facility. The proportions of patients with NEDA-3 or NEDA-4 status during fingolimod treatment were assessed.
Results: During the follow-up period (median: 16 months), data to assess NEDA-3 and NEDA-4 were available for 586 and 325 patients, respectively. In the post-index period, 58.7% of patients achieved NEDA-3 status (no relapses, 85.2%; no new/enlarged T2/gadolinium-enhancing lesions, 76.3%; no disability progression, 87.9%) and 37.2% achieved NEDA-4 status (no relapses, 86.5%; no new/enlarged T2/gadolinium-enhancing lesions, 78.8%; no disability progression, 91.1%; brain volume loss ≤ 0.4, 58.2%).
Conclusion: Among patients receiving fingolimod, over half achieved NEDA-3 status and over one-third achieved NEDA-4 status.