A retrospective study of attitude change during medical education

Med Educ. 1989 Jan;23(1):19-23. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.1989.tb00807.x.


A retrospective attitude questionnaire was administered to 70 of 157 graduating seniors at the end of the medical school year. Students perceived that they became more cynical during medical education. In addition, they perceived that they were more concerned with making money, more concerned for patients, and more helpful. These findings relate to the developmental stressors of medical education as they affect the individual student. Burn-out and impairment are possible consequences; a preventive approach is advocated.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate
  • Empathy
  • Female
  • Helping Behavior
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Self Concept
  • Students, Medical / psychology*