Objectives: Few studies examine the relationship between Timed Up-and-Go (TUG), a commonly used clinical test, and cognitive decline. This study examines whether TUG, usual gait speed (UGS), and dual-task gait speed (DTGS) predict decline in global cognition, executive function, processing speed, memory, and attention with follow-up of up to 5.9 years.
Design: Longitudinal study.
Setting: The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), a nationally representative cohort study.
Participants: Community-dwelling adults aged ≥65 years, with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≥18 and no known history of memory impairment, dementia, Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease were included (N = 2,250).
Measurements: Participants completed mobility tasks during the baseline health assessment and cognitive tasks during interviews conducted at 2 year intervals (waves 1, 2, and 3) and health assessments (waves 1 and 3). Linear and Poisson mixed effects regression models were used to examine longitudinal associations between mobility and each cognitive test, adjusting for sociodemographics and physical and mental health.
Results: There was little evidence of an association between TUG, UGS, or DTGS with decline in cognitive function after adjusting for confounders.
Conclusions: These mobility tasks are not sensitive predictors of cognitive decline in this high-functioning, community-dwelling sample; nonetheless, limited decline in cognitive function was observed during follow-up. Further work with longer follow-up and/or analysis of more specific and comprehensive measures associated with gait is required.
Keywords: Gait speed; cognitive impairment; dual task; timed up-and-go.
Copyright © 2017 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.