Objective: The objective of this study was to compare conduit use and surgical outcomes of hemodialysis-dependent men and women after open lower extremity bypass surgery.
Methods: Using the United States Renal Data System, we studied all hemodialysis patients in the United States who underwent infrainguinal bypass surgery between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2011. Univariate methods (χ2, analysis of variance) were employed to compare patient and bypass characteristics between men and women. Kaplan-Meier, univariate and multivariate logistic, and Cox regression analyses were employed to evaluate outcomes that included patency, graft failure, and mortality at 30 days. In addition, we compared limb salvage and patient survival rates between men and women.
Results: There were 9739 bypasses performed in 5927 (61%) men and 3812 (39%) women who presented most commonly with critical limb ischemia (men, 73%; women, 71%; P = .04). Bypass configurations were femoral-popliteal (48%), femoral-tibial (34%), and popliteal-tibial (18%). The prevalence of autogenous conduits was higher for men (61 vs 55%; P < .001), and they were associated with higher patency compared with prosthetics (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.19; P = .03). The risk-adjusted analyses revealed higher odds of acute graft failure for women compared with men who received prosthetic conduits (adjusted odds ratio, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.03-1.46; P = .021) but not among patients who received autogenous conduits (adjusted odds ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.91-1.25; P = .41). Despite the difference in choice of conduit, there was no significant difference in primary patency (aHR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.95-1.06; P = .90), primary assisted patency (aHR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.97-1.10; P = .28), secondary patency (aHR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.95-1.08; P = .75), limb salvage (aHR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.90-1.04; P = .41), and survival (aHR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.92-1.03; P = .45) for women compared with men.
Conclusions: We found lower use of autogenous conduits in women than in men. In patients who received prosthetic conduit, acute graft failure was higher for women than for men. The benefits of autogenous conduits over prosthetic grafts underscore the need to improve the selection of appropriately sized autogenous conduits for bypass irrespective of gender.
Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.