CO 2 reduction to acetate in mixtures of ultrasmall (Cu) n ,(Ag) m bimetallic nanoparticles

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jan 9;115(2):278-283. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1713962115. Epub 2017 Dec 26.


Monodispersed mixtures of 6-nm Cu and Ag nanoparticles were prepared by electrochemical reduction on electrochemically polymerized poly-Fe(vbpy)3(PF6)2 film electrodes on glassy carbon. Conversion of the complex to poly-Fe(vbpy)2(CN)2 followed by surface binding of salts of the cations and electrochemical reduction gave a mixture of chemically distinct clusters on the surface, (Cu) m ,(Ag) n |polymer|glassy carbon electrode (GCE), as shown by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. A (Cu)2,(Ag)3|(80-monolayer-poly-Fe(vbpy)32+|GCE electrode at -1.33 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) in 0.5 M KHCO3, with 8 ppm added benzotriazole (BTA) at 0 °C, gave acetate with a faradaic efficiency of 21.2%.

Keywords: CO2 reduction; artificial photosynthesis; bimetallic nanoparticles; electrocatalysis; electrodeposition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.