Aims: Nutrition and sleep are prerequisites for linear growth and we addressed the under-researched role of sleep in this equation.
Methods: This was a prospective randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of nutritional supplements in 164 healthy lean, short, prepubertal children with 83 in the supplement group and 81 in the placebo group. From November 2010 to November 2013, we focussed on children aged three to nine years referred for specialist growth assessments to the Schneider Children's Medical Center, Israel. Progress was assessed using anthropometric measurements, sleep questionnaires and three-day food diaries at baseline and after the six-month intervention.
Results: Children in the supplement group who took at least 50% of the recommended dose had shorter sleep latency than those who did not (p = 0.046). Children who fell asleep in less than 15 minutes had significantly improved standard deviation scores for weight (0.25 ± 0.34 versus 0.07 ± 0.36, p = 0.044) and height (0.09 ± 0.13 versus 0.03 ± 0.13, p = 0.057) than those who took longer to fall asleep. Positive correlations were found between mean sleep duration and caloric and macronutrient intake per kilogram.
Conclusion: Adequate nutritional intake was associated with better sleep patterns and may enhance linear growth.
Keywords: Lean children; Linear growth; Nutritional supplementation; Short stature; Sleep patterns.
©2017 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.