Cardiolipin synthase A colocalizes with cardiolipin and osmosensing transporter ProP at the poles of Escherichia coli cells

Mol Microbiol. 2018 Mar;107(5):623-638. doi: 10.1111/mmi.13904. Epub 2018 Jan 5.


Osmosensing by transporter ProP is modulated by its cardiolipin (CL)-dependent concentration at the poles of Escherichia coli cells. Other contributors to this phenomenon were sought with the BACterial Two-Hybrid System (BACTH). The BACTH-tagged variants T18-ProP and T25-ProP retained ProP function and localization. Their interaction confirmed the ProP homo-dimerization previously established by protein crosslinking. YdhP, YjbJ and ClsA were prominent among the putative ProP interactors identified by the BACTH system. The functions of YdhP and YjbJ are unknown, although YjbJ is an abundant, osmotically induced, soluble protein. ClsA (CL Synthase A) had been shown to determine ProP localization by mediating CL synthesis. Unlike a deletion of clsA, deletion of ydhP or yjbJ had no effect on ProP localization or function. All three proteins were concentrated at the cell poles, but only ClsA localization was CL-dependent. ClsA was shown to be N-terminally processed and membrane-anchored, with dual, cytoplasmic, catalytic domains. Active site amino acid replacements (H224A plus H404A) inactivated ClsA and compromised ProP localization. YdhP and YjbJ may be ClsA effectors, and interactions of YdhP, YjbJ and ClsA with ProP may reflect their colocalization at the cell poles. Targeted CL synthesis may contribute to the polar localization of CL, ClsA and ProP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cardiolipins / metabolism*
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / chemistry
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Osmoregulation*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Multimerization
  • Symporters / chemistry
  • Symporters / genetics
  • Symporters / metabolism*
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups) / chemistry
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups) / genetics
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups) / metabolism*


  • Cardiolipins
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • ProP protein, E coli
  • Symporters
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups)
  • cardiolipin synthetase

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