Improvement in anthropometric parameters after rational dietary intervention in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrom as the best method to support treatment

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2017;68(4):409-417.


Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder often occurring in women at reproductive age. An important factor in PCOS pathogenesis is insulin resistance, which pronounces hyperandrogenism and leads to the development of various metabolic disorders

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of reduction diet with low glycemic index (GI) on anthropometric parameters of women with PCOS and the assessment of the effectiveness of the diet on body mass and adipose tissue reduction

Material and methods: The study was performed on 24 women with PCOS diagnosed with Rotterdam’s criteria. Anthropometric measurements and bioelectrical impedance were performed. All participants received 7-day diet and recommendations relating to the change in lifestyle. After three months of using the dietary recommendations the measurements were repeated

Results: Statistical significance was observed for body mass (↓on average by 5.93 kg±2.95), BMI (↓2.14 kg/m2±1.2), circumference of: waist (↓7.7 cm±5.9), hip (↓4.8 cm±5.4), arm (↓1.9 cm±3.7) and measurements of skin fold under the shoulder blade (↓4.8 mm±4,6), above iliac crest (↓6.76 mm±5.7) and above triceps brachii muscle (↓5.25 mm±7.4). Considering body composition measurements, statistically significant were differences in the measurements of BCMI (↑18.042±8.8), TBW expressed in percentage (↑2.729±2.75) and in litres (↑0.071±5.15), FM in percentage (↓3.291±5.6) and in kg (3.354 kg±4.9)

Conclusions: Body mass reduction using a rational diet with low GI is an effective method to support of PCOS treatment. Using reduction diet for three months together with increased physical activity enables to reduce body weight by on average 5.93 kg, which increases the chances to treat infertility in women. This should be the suggested type of diet in PCOS treatment

Keywords: polycystic ovary syndrome; PCOS; reduction diet; fat mass; anthropometric measurements.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Mass Index
  • Diet, Reducing / methods*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Glycemic Index*
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Obesity / etiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / complications
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / diet therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome