We report a case of a 50-year-old woman whose 0.5 mm middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm was treated with gauze wrapping at an outside facility. She returned 9 months later with seizures and an inflammatory process in the region of the prior aneurysm. Surgical re-exploration at that time was aborted. Two years later, she presented with a gauzoma associated with local inflammatory response and severe narrowing of the MCA. A common carotid artery to MCA bypass was performed, followed by surgical removal of the gauze and inflammatory material. Over a 3-month period, she recovered with significant improvement in her preoperative neurological deficits.
Keywords: Extracranial-intracranial bypass; Gauzoma; Intracranial aneurysm; Microsurgical wrapping.