Stromal Vascular Fraction-enriched Fat Grafting for the Treatment of Symptomatic End-neuromata

J Vis Exp. 2017 Nov 23;(129):55962. doi: 10.3791/55962.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to methodically illustrate and highlight the crucial steps of stromal vascular fraction (SVF)-enriched fat grafting as a novel treatment of symptomatic end-neuromata of peripheral sensory nerves, and in this study, specifically of the superficial branch of the radial nerve (SBRN). Despite a multitude of existing treatments, persistent postoperative pain and common pain relapse are still very common, independent of the procedure assessed. The neuroma is microsurgically excised accordingly to standardized protocol. Instead of the relocation of the regenerating nerve stump in neighboring anatomical structures, such as muscle or bone, a fat graft is applied perifocally and acts as a mechanical barrier. In order to reduce the fat resorption rate and boost the regenerative potential of the graft, the highly concentrated SVF is integrated in the grafting. The SVF is isolated from subcutaneous fat by enzymatic and mechanic separation of the lipoaspirate by a specific commercial isolation system. The SVF-enriched fat graft provides both a mechanical barrier and various biological effects at the cellular level, including improving angiogenesis, inflammation, and fibrosis. Both mechanical and biologic effects help to reduce the disorganized axonal outgrowth of the nerve stump during nerve regeneration and hence prevent the recurrence of painful end-neuromata.

Publication types

  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / cytology
  • Adipose Tissue / transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Nerve Regeneration
  • Neuroma / therapy*
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / therapy*
  • Stromal Cells / cytology
  • Stromal Cells / transplantation*