Although genetic revolution of recent years has vastly expanded a list of genes implicated in epilepsies, complex architecture of epilepsy genetics is still largely unknown, consequently, universally accepted workflows for epilepsy genetic testing in a clinical practice are missing. We present a comprehensive NGS-based diagnostic approach addressing both the clinical and genetic heterogeneity of disorders involving epilepsy or seizures. A bioinformatic panel of 862 epilepsy- or seizure-associated genes was applied to Mendeliome (4813 genes) or whole-exome sequencing data as a first stage, while the second stage included untargeted variant interpretation. Eighty-six consecutive patients with epilepsy or seizures associated with neurodevelopmental disorders and/or congenital malformations were investigated. Of the 86 probands, 42 harbored pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants, giving a diagnostic yield of 49%. Two patients were diagnosed with pathogenic copy number variations and 2 had causative mitochondrial DNA variants. Eleven patients (13%) were diagnosed with diseases with specific treatments. Besides, genomic approach in diagnostics had multiple additional benefits due to mostly non-specific, overlapping, not full-blown phenotypes and abilities to diagnose novel and ultra rare epilepsy-associated diseases. Likely pathogenic variants were identified in SOX5 gene, not previously associated with epilepsy, and UBA5, a recently associated with epilepsy gene.
Keywords: SOX5; UBA5; diagnostic yield; epilepsy genetics; monogenic epilepsies; next-generation sequencing.
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.