Rational Design of [ 13 C,D 14 ]Tert-butylbenzene as a Scaffold Structure for Designing Long-lived Hyperpolarized 13 C Probes

Chem Asian J. 2018 Feb 2;13(3):280-283. doi: 10.1002/asia.201701652. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Abstract

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is a technique to polarize the nuclear spin population. As a result of the hyperpolarization, the NMR sensitivity of the nuclei in molecules can be dramatically enhanced. Recent application of the hyperpolarization technique has led to advances in biochemical and molecular studies. A major problem is the short lifetime of the polarized nuclear spin state. Generally, in solution, the polarized nuclear spin state decays to a thermal spin equilibrium, resulting in loss of the enhanced NMR signal. This decay is correlated directly with the spin-lattice relaxation time T1 . Here we report [13 C,D14 ]tert-butylbenzene as a new scaffold structure for designing hyperpolarized 13 C probes. Thanks to the minimized spin-lattice relaxation (T1 ) pathways, its water-soluble derivative showed a remarkably long 13 C T1 value and long retention of the hyperpolarized spin state.

Keywords: chemical probe; dynamic nuclear polarization; hyperpolarization; nuclear magnetic resonance; spin-lattice relaxation time.