Unusual Presentations of Gynecologic Tumors: Primary, Extrauterine, Low-Grade Endometrioid Stromal Sarcoma

Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2018 Apr;142(4):536-541. doi: 10.5858/arpa.2017-0241-RA. Epub 2018 Jan 2.


Context: - Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas, when uterine in location, are relatively easy to diagnose because of characteristic morphology and patterns of myometrial invasion. However, when they occur at extrauterine sites, they fall under the broad umbrella of small round blue cell tumors, making diagnosis challenging, especially when they have variant morphologic features and lack the characteristic pattern of invasion.

Objectives: - To provide an insight into the sites of occurrence of low-grade endometrioid stromal sarcomas, the variant morphologic patterns, clues to diagnosis, and the usefulness of immunohistochemistry as an aid to facilitate correct diagnosis. The outcome of these tumors, in comparison with their uterine counterpart, is also discussed.

Data sources: - Existing peer-reviewed literature was reviewed.

Conclusions: - Low-grade endometrioid stromal sarcoma is an uncommon neoplasm that can be misdiagnosed because of its rarity, unusual location, and presence of numerous variant histologic patterns that mimic other tumors. Knowledge of those features; consideration of this tumor in the differential diagnosis of small, round blue cell tumors at any location in a woman; and an appropriate use of immunohistochemistry can help facilitate the diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Endometrial Stromal Tumors / diagnosis*
  • Endometrial Stromal Tumors / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans