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Review
, 44 (3), 371-392

Resistance Mechanisms of Helicobacter Pylori and Its Dual Target Precise Therapy

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Review

Resistance Mechanisms of Helicobacter Pylori and Its Dual Target Precise Therapy

Yuehua Gong et al. Crit Rev Microbiol.

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori drug resistance presents a significant challenge to the successful eradication of this pathogen. To find strategies to improve the eradication efficacy of H. pylori, it is necessary to clarify the resistance mechanisms involved. The mechanisms of H. pylori drug resistance can be investigated from two angles: the pathogen and the host. A comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms of H. pylori resistance based on both pathogen and host would aid the implementation of precise therapy, or ideally "dual target precise therapy" (bacteria and host-specific target therapy). In recent years, with increased understanding of the mechanisms of H. pylori resistance, the focus of eradication has shifted from disease-specific to patient-specific treatment. The implementation of "precision medicine" has also provided a new perspective on the treatment of infectious diseases. In this article, we systematically review current research on H. pylori drug resistance from the perspective of both the pathogen and the host. We also review therapeutic strategies targeted to pathogen and host factors that are aimed at achieving precise treatment of H. pylori.

Keywords: H. pylori; precise therapy; resistance mechanism.

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