Modulation of plant autophagy during pathogen attack

J Exp Bot. 2018 Mar 14;69(6):1325-1333. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erx425.

Abstract

In plants, the highly conserved catabolic process of autophagy has long been known as a means of maintaining cellular homeostasis and coping with abiotic stress conditions. Accumulating evidence has linked autophagy to immunity against invading pathogens, regulating plant cell death, and antimicrobial defences. In turn, it appears that phytopathogens have evolved ways not only to evade autophagic clearance but also to modulate and co-opt autophagy for their own benefit. In this review, we summarize and discuss the emerging discoveries concerning how pathogens modulate both host and self-autophagy machineries to colonize their host plants, delving into the arms race that determines the fate of interorganismal interaction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autophagy / immunology
  • Autophagy / physiology*
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / immunology*
  • Plant Immunity*
  • Plants / immunology*
  • Plants / microbiology