Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2017 Dec 23;15(1):16.
doi: 10.3390/ijerph15010016.

Pollution From Fossil-Fuel Combustion Is the Leading Environmental Threat to Global Pediatric Health and Equity: Solutions Exist

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Pollution From Fossil-Fuel Combustion Is the Leading Environmental Threat to Global Pediatric Health and Equity: Solutions Exist

Frederica Perera. Int J Environ Res Public Health. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Fossil-fuel combustion by-products are the world's most significant threat to children's health and future and are major contributors to global inequality and environmental injustice. The emissions include a myriad of toxic air pollutants and carbon dioxide (CO₂), which is the most important human-produced climate-altering greenhouse gas. Synergies between air pollution and climate change can magnify the harm to children. Impacts include impairment of cognitive and behavioral development, respiratory illness, and other chronic diseases-all of which may be "seeded" in utero and affect health and functioning immediately and over the life course. By impairing children's health, ability to learn, and potential to contribute to society, pollution and climate change cause children to become less resilient and the communities they live in to become less equitable. The developing fetus and young child are disproportionately affected by these exposures because of their immature defense mechanisms and rapid development, especially those in low- and middle-income countries where poverty and lack of resources compound the effects. No country is spared, however: even high-income countries, especially low-income communities and communities of color within them, are experiencing impacts of fossil fuel-related pollution, climate change and resultant widening inequality and environmental injustice. Global pediatric health is at a tipping point, with catastrophic consequences in the absence of bold action. Fortunately, technologies and interventions are at hand to reduce and prevent pollution and climate change, with large economic benefits documented or predicted. All cultures and communities share a concern for the health and well-being of present and future children: this shared value provides a politically powerful lever for action. The purpose of this commentary is to briefly review the data on the health impacts of fossil-fuel pollution, highlighting the neurodevelopmental impacts, and to briefly describe available means to achieve a low-carbon economy, and some examples of interventions that have benefited health and the economy.

Keywords: air pollution; benefits of intervention; children’s health; climate change; fossil fuel emissions; neurodevelopment; policy.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 10 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Watts N., Adger W.N., Agnolucci P., Blackstock J., Byass P., Cai W., Chaytor S., Colbourn T., Collins M., Cooper A., et al. Health and climate change: Policy responses to protect public health. Lancet. 2015;386:1861–1914. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60854-6. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Perera F.P. Multiple threats to child health from fossil fuel combustion: Impacts of air pollution and climate change. Environ. Health Perspect. 2017;125:141–148. doi: 10.1289/EHP299. - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Yael Friedman T.L. Cities Taking Action: How the 100C Network is Building Urban Resilience. The Rockefeller Foundation; New York, NY, USA: 2017. p. 74.
    1. Giedd J. Brain development, IX: Human brain growth. Am. J. Psychiatry. 1999;156:4. doi: 10.1176/ajp.156.1.4. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Crelin E.S. Functional Anatomy of the Newborn. Yale University Press; New Haven, CT, USA: 1973.
Feedback