Capturing the chance for pneumococcal vaccination in the hospital setting

Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2017 Oct-Dec;53(4):291-298. doi: 10.4415/ANN_17_04_04.

Abstract

Introduction: Because of the relevant burden of pneumococcal diseases, newborns, people at risk and elderly are recommended vaccination but coverage is still low for problems in catching them. This study evaluates the proportion of eligible patients seen at hospital level in the view of assessing its potential role in vaccination campaigns.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of discharge data of all patients over 49 years of age admitted between 2011 and 2013 to "A. Gemelli" teaching hospital. Eligibility for pneumococcal vaccination was evaluated based on ICD-9 codes.

Results: Among 65 047 unique patients, 53.2% were eligible for pneumococcal vaccination. Most common eligibility criteria were chronic heart diseases, cancer and diabetes. Considering also age ≥ 65 as an indication to vaccination, the proportion of eligible patients reached 76.8%. The highest number of eligible patients was seen in medical sciences, general surgery, cardiovascular medicine and neurosciences departments.

Conclusions: Hospital might play an important role in catching patients eligible for pneumococcal vaccination because their proportion in the hospital setting is high.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Hospitals, Teaching
  • Humans
  • International Classification of Diseases
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Mass Vaccination / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumococcal Infections / prevention & control
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines*
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Pneumococcal Vaccines