Purpose: Intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging could help stratification for the proper primary treatment for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and achieve complete resection, as it allows visualization of cancer in real time. Integrin αvβ6, a target specific for PDAC, is present in >90% of patients, and is able to differentiate between pancreatitis and PDAC. A clinically translatable αvβ6-targeting NIRF agent was developed, based on a previously developed cysteine knottin peptide for PET imaging, R01-MG, and validated in preclinical mouse models.Experimental Design: The applicability of the agent was tested for cell and tissue binding characteristics using cell-based plate assays, subcutaneous, and orthotopic pancreatic models, and a transgenic mouse model of PDAC development (Pdx1-Cretg/+;KRasLSL G12D/+;Ink4a/Arf-/-). IRDye800CW was conjugated to R01-MG in a 1:1 ratio. R01-MG-IRDye800, was compared with a control peptide and IRDye800 alone.Results: In subcutaneous tumor models, a significantly higher tumor-to-background ratio (TBR) was seen in BxPC-3 tumors (2.5 ± 0.1) compared with MiaPaCa-2 (1.2 ± 0.1; P < 0.001), and to the control peptide (1.6 ± 0.4; P < 0.005). In an orthotopic tumor model, tumor-specific uptake of R01-MG-IRDye800 was shown compared with IRDye800 alone (TBR 2.7 vs. 0.86). The fluorescent signal in tumors of transgenic mice was significantly higher, TBR of 3.6 ± 0.94, compared with the normal pancreas of wild-type controls, TBR of 1.0 ± 0.17 (P < 0.001).Conclusions: R01-MG-IRDye800 shows specific targeting to αvβ6, and holds promise as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool to recognize PDAC for fluorescence-guided surgery. This agent can help improve the stratification of patients for a potentially curative, margin-negative resection. Clin Cancer Res; 24(7); 1667-76. ©2018 AACR.
©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.