Indoor radon regulation using tabulated values of temporal radon variation

J Environ Radioact. 2018 Mar;183:59-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.12.003. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Abstract

Mass measurements of indoor radon concentrations have been conducted for about 30 years. In most of the countries, a national reference/action/limit level is adopted, limiting the annual average indoor radon (AAIR) concentration. However, until now, there is no single and generally accepted international protocol for determining the AAIR with a known confidence interval, based on measurements of different durations. Obviously, as the duration of measurements increases, the uncertainty of the AAIR estimation decreases. The lack of the information about the confidence interval of the determined AAIR level does not allow correct comparison with the radon reference level. This greatly complicates development of an effective indoor radon measurement protocol and strategy. The paper proposes a general principle of indoor radon regulation, based on the simple criteria widely used in metrology, and introduces a new parameter - coefficient of temporal radon variation KV(t) that depends on the measurement duration and determines the uncertainty of the AAIR. An algorithm for determining KV(t) based on the results of annual continuous radon monitoring in experimental rooms is proposed. Included are indoor radon activity concentrations and equilibrium equivalent concentration (EEC) of radon progeny. The monitoring was conducted in 10 selected experimental rooms located in 7 buildings, mainly in the Moscow region (Russia), from 2006 to 2013. The experimental and tabulated values of KV(t) and also the values of the coefficient of temporal EEC variation depending on the mode and duration of the measurements were obtained. The recommendations to improve the efficiency and reliability of indoor radon regulation are given. The importance of taking into account the geological factors is discussed. The representativity of the results of the study is estimated and the approach for their verification is proposed.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants, Radioactive / analysis*
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / prevention & control*
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / statistics & numerical data
  • Air Pollution, Radioactive / analysis
  • Air Pollution, Radioactive / prevention & control*
  • Air Pollution, Radioactive / statistics & numerical data
  • Radiation Monitoring / methods*
  • Radon / analysis*
  • Radon Daughters
  • Reproducibility of Results

Substances

  • Air Pollutants, Radioactive
  • Radon Daughters
  • Radon