Syphilis and vision loss: A role for point-of-care ultrasound

Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;36(3):526.e5-526.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2017.12.009. Epub 2017 Dec 6.


Vision loss in young adults is relatively rare. In patients with suspected HIV or syphilis, the risk of developing vision loss is increased, and should alert the emergency physician of specific retinal pathologies. We present a case of a 33-year-old man with recently identified syphilis and HIV, who was diagnosed with bilateral retinal detachments (RDs) with the help of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in the setting of panuveitis (preventing visualization with direct fundoscopy).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neurosyphilis / complications*
  • Point-of-Care Systems
  • Retinal Detachment / diagnostic imaging
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology*
  • Ultrasonography*
  • Vision Disorders / diagnostic imaging
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*