Turner Syndrome: transition from childhood to adolescence

Metabolism. 2018 Sep;86:145-153. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2017.12.016. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Abstract

Transition from pediatric to adult care for young women with Turner Syndrome (TS) is characterized by high drop-out rates and inadequate follow-up, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The complexity of the health issues young women with TS face or new problems that may arise warrants a well-structured and efficiently coordinated gradual transition plan, which is adapted to the individual needs of the emerging young adult and is based on interdisciplinary communication between physicians. In order to achieve a high level of care, it is important for the patient to be sincerely informed about her condition but also supported throughout this critical period of rising responsibility and autonomy by an experienced, multidisciplinary team. In this review, we present the basic concepts that should characterize transition and the major health issues that should be thoroughly addressed, including growth, Hormone Replacement Treatment and fertility options, cardiovascular disease, bone health, gastrointestinal disorders, autoimmunity, orthopaedic and ENT issues, as well as the overall psychological well-being of the young adult with TS.

Keywords: Growth; Hormone Replacement Treatment; Quality of Life; Transition; Turner Syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bone and Bones / physiology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Fertility / physiology
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication
  • Patient Care Team / standards
  • Sexual Maturation / physiology*
  • Transition to Adult Care*
  • Turner Syndrome / complications
  • Turner Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Turner Syndrome / therapy*
  • Young Adult