Estrogens have been shown to rapidly (within 1 h) affect learning and memory processes, including social recognition. Both systemic and hippocampal administration of 17β-estradiol facilitate social recognition in female mice within 40 min of administration. These effects were likely mediated by estrogen receptor (ER) α and the G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), as administration of the respective receptor agonists (PPT and G-1) also facilitated social recognition on a rapid time scale. The medial amygdala has been shown to be necessary for social recognition and long-term manipulations in rats have implicated medial amygdalar ERα. As such, our objective was to investigate whether estrogens and different ERs within the medial amygdala play a role in the rapid facilitation of social recognition in female mice. 17β-estradiol, G-1, PPT, or ERβ agonist DPN was infused directly into the medial amygdala of ovariectomized female mice. Mice were then tested in a social recognition paradigm, which was completed within 40 min, thus allowing the assessment of rapid effects of treatments. 17β-estradiol (10, 25, 50, 100 nM), PPT (300 nM), DPN (150 nM), and G-1 (50 nM) each rapidly facilitated social recognition. Therefore, estrogens in the medial amygdala rapidly facilitate social recognition in female mice, and the three main estrogen receptors: ERα, ERβ, and the GPER all are involved in these effects. This research adds to a network of brain regions, including the medial amygdala and the dorsal hippocampus, that are involved in mediating the rapid estrogenic facilitation of social recognition in female mice.
Keywords: 17β-estradiol; DPN; G-1; GPER; GPR30; PPT.
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