Evaluation of Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma Susceptibility Loci in Patients with Early Stages of Angle-Closure Disease

Ophthalmology. 2018 May;125(5):664-670. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2017.11.016. Epub 2018 Jan 6.


Purpose: To investigate whether newly identified genetic loci for primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) are associated with early stage angle-closure disease defined as primary angle closure suspect (PACS).

Design: Case-control study.

Participants: A total of 1397 PACS patients and 943 controls of Chinese ethnicity from Singapore and 604 PACS patients and 287 controls of Indian ethnicity.

Methods: The 8 PACG single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs11024102 at PLEKHA7, rs3753841 at COL11A1, rs1015213 located between PCMTD1 and ST18 son chromosome 8q, rs3816415 at EPDR1, rs1258267 at CHAT, rs736893 at GLIS3, rs7494379 at FERMT2, and rs3739821 mapping in between DPM2 and FAM102A) were genotyped by Taqman assays. The association between SNP genotypes and PACS status was measured using logistic regression. A P value of 0.006 was set to account for the testing of 8 genetic loci using a Bonferroni correction. A meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the overall P value and accompanying per-allele odds ratios for each SNP analyzed.

Main outcome measures: Association of PACG loci with PACS status.

Results: The PACS patients were significantly older in both cohorts (Chinese, P < 0.001; Indian, P = 0.002), and there were also more women (P < 0.001, both Chinese and Indian cohorts). In the Chinese cohort, significant evidence of association was noted at 3 SNPs: rs1015213 [A] in PCMTD1-ST18 (odds ratio [OR], 2.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.36-4.11; P = 0.002), rs3816415 [A] in EPDR1 (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.19-1.85; P < 0.001), and rs3739821 [G] in DPM2-FAM102A (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.18-1.65; P < 0.001). Only PCMTD1-ST-18 was replicated modestly in the Indian population (P = 0.056). Meta-analysis showed significant evidence of association for PCMTD1-ST-18 (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.18-2.04; P = 0.002) and DPM2-FAM102A (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.12-1.45; P = 0.0002).

Conclusions: In this study, 2 of 8 PACG-associated loci were associated significantly with PACS status, the earliest stage in the angle-closure glaucoma disease course. The association of these PACG loci with PACS status suggests that these loci may confer susceptibility to a narrow angle configuration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asian People / genetics
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Loci*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotyping Techniques
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / diagnosis
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mannosyltransferases / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Protein D-Aspartate-L-Isoaspartate Methyltransferase / genetics*
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics*
  • Singapore / epidemiology


  • FAM102A protein, human
  • Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • ST18 protein, human
  • PCMTD1 protein, human
  • Protein D-Aspartate-L-Isoaspartate Methyltransferase
  • DPM2 protein, human
  • Mannosyltransferases