Introduction: Ertugliflozin is an oral sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor that is being developed to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study assessed the efficacy and safety of co-initiation of ertugliflozin and sitagliptin compared with placebo in patients with T2DM inadequately controlled on diet and exercise.
Methods: In this phase III, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled 26-week study (NCT02226003), patients with T2DM and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) 8.0-10.5% on diet/exercise were randomized 1:1:1 to ertugliflozin 5 mg once daily (QD) and sitagliptin 100 mg QD (E5/S100), ertugliflozin 15 mg QD and sitagliptin 100 mg QD (E15/S100), or placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline in HbA1c at week 26.
Results: The mean baseline HbA1c of the randomized patients (n = 291) was 8.9%. At week 26, both ertugliflozin/sitagliptin treatments provided significant reductions from baseline in HbA1c compared with placebo [least squares mean HbA1c change (95% confidence intervals) from baseline was - 0.4% (- 0.7, - 0.2), - 1.6% (- 1.8, - 1.4), and - 1.7% (- 1.9, - 1.5) for placebo, E5/S100, and E15/S100, respectively]. At week 26, 8.3%, 35.7%, and 31.3% of patients receiving placebo, E5/S100, and E15/S100, respectively, had HbA1c < 7.0%. Significant reductions in fasting plasma glucose, 2-h post-prandial glucose, body weight, and systolic blood pressure were observed with both ertugliflozin/sitagliptin groups compared with placebo. The incidence of adverse events (AEs) was similar across the groups. The incidences of the pre-specified AEs of urinary tract infection, genital mycotic infection, symptomatic hypoglycemia, and hypovolemia were low and not meaningfully different across groups.
Conclusion: Co-initiation of ertugliflozin with sitagliptin in patients with T2DM inadequately controlled on diet and exercise provided a clinically meaningful improvement in glycemic control over 26 weeks.
Clinical trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02226003.
Keywords: Ertugliflozin; Glycemic control; SGLT2 inhibitor; Sitagliptin; Type 2 diabetes mellitus.