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, 5 (1), 23-30

Identification and Classification of Brain Tumor MRI Images With Feature Extraction Using DWT and Probabilistic Neural Network

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Identification and Classification of Brain Tumor MRI Images With Feature Extraction Using DWT and Probabilistic Neural Network

N Varuna Shree et al. Brain Inform.

Abstract

The identification, segmentation and detection of infecting area in brain tumor MRI images are a tedious and time-consuming task. The different anatomy structure of human body can be visualized by an image processing concepts. It is very difficult to have vision about the abnormal structures of human brain using simple imaging techniques. Magnetic resonance imaging technique distinguishes and clarifies the neural architecture of human brain. MRI technique contains many imaging modalities that scans and capture the internal structure of human brain. In this study, we have concentrated on noise removal technique, extraction of gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) features, DWT-based brain tumor region growing segmentation to reduce the complexity and improve the performance. This was followed by morphological filtering which removes the noise that can be formed after segmentation. The probabilistic neural network classifier was used to train and test the performance accuracy in the detection of tumor location in brain MRI images. The experimental results achieved nearly 100% accuracy in identifying normal and abnormal tissues from brain MR images demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed technique.

Keywords: DWT; GLCM; Image segmentation; MRI; Morphology; PNN.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Diagram of probabilistic neural networks
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Brain tumor image dataset
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Observational results of an image a original images, b preprocessed images, c region segmentation tumor image, d extracted tumor images, e area of extracted tumor region
Fig. 4
Fig. 4
Comparison of trained and tested dataset classification using probabilistic neural networks

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