Recent Science and Clinical Application of Nutrition to Coronary Heart Disease

J Am Coll Nutr. 2018 Mar-Apr;37(3):169-187. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2017.1381053. Epub 2018 Jan 9.


One of the greatest threats to mortality in industrialized societies continues to be coronary heart disease (CHD). Moreover, the ability to decrease the incidence of CHD has reached a limit utilizing traditional diagnostic evaluations and prevention and treatment strategies for the top five cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity, and smoking). It is well known that about 80% of CHD can be prevented with optimal nutrition, coupled with exercise, weight management, mild alcohol intake, and smoking cessation. Among all of these factors, optimal nutrition provides the basic foundation for prevention and treatment of CHD. Numerous prospective nutrition clinical trials have shown dramatic reductions in the incidence of CHD. As nutritional science and nutrigenomics research continues, our ability to adjust the best nutrition with an individualized approach is emerging. This article reviews the role of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of CHD and myocardial infarction (MI).

Keywords: Nutrition; coronary heart disease; macronutrients; micronutrients; myocardial infarction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Disease* / diet therapy
  • Coronary Disease* / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Therapy*
  • Nutritional Sciences*
  • Risk Factors