The constitutive process of protein turnover plays a key role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Recent technological advances in mass spectrometry have enabled the measurement of protein turnover kinetics across the proteome. However, it is not known if turnover kinetics of individual proteins are highly conserved or if they have evolved to meet the physiological demands of individual species. Here, we conducted systematic analyses of proteome turnover kinetics in primary dermal fibroblasts isolated from eight different rodent species. Our results highlighted two trends in the variability of proteome turnover kinetics across species. First, we observed a decrease in cross-species correlation of protein degradation rates as a function of evolutionary distance. Second, we observed a negative correlation between global protein turnover rates and maximum lifespan of the species. We propose that by reducing the energetic demands of continuous protein turnover, long-lived species may have evolved to lessen the generation of reactive oxygen species and the corresponding oxidative damage over their extended lifespans.
© 2018 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.