Integrative genomic and transcriptomic analysis of leiomyosarcoma

Nat Commun. 2018 Jan 10;9(1):144. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-02602-0.

Abstract

Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is an aggressive mesenchymal malignancy with few therapeutic options. The mechanisms underlying LMS development, including clinically actionable genetic vulnerabilities, are largely unknown. Here we show, using whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing, that LMS tumors are characterized by substantial mutational heterogeneity, near-universal inactivation of TP53 and RB1, widespread DNA copy number alterations including chromothripsis, and frequent whole-genome duplication. Furthermore, we detect alternative telomere lengthening in 78% of cases and identify recurrent alterations in telomere maintenance genes such as ATRX, RBL2, and SP100, providing insight into the genetic basis of this mechanism. Finally, most tumors display hallmarks of "BRCAness", including alterations in homologous recombination DNA repair genes, multiple structural rearrangements, and enrichment of specific mutational signatures, and cultured LMS cells are sensitive towards olaparib and cisplatin. This comprehensive study of LMS genomics has uncovered key biological features that may inform future experimental research and enable the design of novel therapies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chromothripsis
  • DNA Copy Number Variations
  • Female
  • Gene Duplication
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genes, Retinoblastoma
  • Genes, p53
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Leiomyosarcoma / genetics*
  • Leiomyosarcoma / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Telomere Homeostasis
  • Whole Exome Sequencing
  • Young Adult