Social isolation (SI) mice exhibit behavioral abnormalities such as impairments of sociability- and attention-like behaviors, offering an animal model of neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to identify the effects of Sansoninto (SST; suān zǎo rén tāng) on the psychiatric symptoms related to ADHD using SI mice. Four-week-old mice were socially isolated during the experimental period, and SST administration (800 or 2400 mg/kg, p.o.) was started at 2 weeks after starting SI. SST ameliorated SI-induced impairments of sociability- and attention-like behaviors in a dose-dependent manner, and tended to ameliorate contextual- and auditory-dependent fear memory deficit. Moreover, the expression level of Egr-1 was down-regulated by SI stress, and was restored by a high dose of SST. These findings suggest that SST is useful for improvement of psychiatric disorders such as ADHD.
Keywords: ADHD, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Early growth response 1; Egr-1, early growth response-1; GH, group-housed; SI, social isolation; Sansoninto; Sociability deficit; Social isolation mice.