Acetabular and spino-pelvic morphologies are different in subjects with symptomatic cam femoro-acetabular impingement

J Orthop Res. 2018 Jul;36(7):1840-1848. doi: 10.1002/jor.23856. Epub 2018 Feb 7.


Acetabular and spino-pelvic (SP) morphological parameters are important determinants of hip joint dynamics. This prospective study aimed to determine whether acetabular and SP morphological differences exist between hips with and without cam morphology and between symptomatic and asymptomatic hips with cam morphology. A cohort of 67 patients/hips was studied. Hips were either asymptomatic with no cam (Controls, n = 18), symptomatic with cam (n = 26) or asymptomatic with cam (n = 23). CT-based quantitative assessments of femoral, acetabular, pelvic, and spino-pelvic parameters were performed. Measurements were compared between controls and those with a cam deformity, as well as between the three groups. Morphological parameters that were independent predictors of a symptomatic cam were determined using a regression analysis. Hips with cam deformity had slightly smaller subtended angles superior-anteriorly (87° vs. 84°, p = 0.04) and greater pelvic incidence (53° vs. 48°, p = 0.003) compared to controls. Symptomatic cams had greater acetabular version (p < 0.01), greater subtended angles superiorly and superior-posteriorly (p = 0.01), higher pelvic incidence (p = 0.02), greater alpha angles and lower femoral neck-shaft angles compared to asymptomatic cams (p < 0.01) and controls (p < 0.01). The four predictors of symptomatic cam included antero-superior alpha angle, femoral neck-shaft angle, acetabular depth, and pelvic incidence. In conclusion, this study illustrates that symptomatic hips had a greater amount of supero-posterior coverage; which would be the contact area between a radial cam and the acetabulum, when the hip is flexed to 90°. Furthermore, individuals with symptomatic cam morphology had greater PI. Acetabular- and SP parameters should be part of the radiological assessment of femoro-acetabular impingement. © 2018 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 36:1840-1848, 2018.

Keywords: acetabular morphology; cam morphology; femoro-acetabular impingement; spino-pelvic parameters.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / diagnostic imaging
  • Acetabulum / physiopathology
  • Acetabulum / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / diagnostic imaging
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / physiopathology*
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / surgery*
  • Femur / diagnostic imaging
  • Femur / physiopathology
  • Femur / surgery
  • Hip Joint / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observer Variation
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / physiopathology
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / surgery*
  • Prospective Studies
  • ROC Curve
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Young Adult

Grant support