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. 2018 Mar;34(3):508-518.
doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2017.12.008. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

Crystallographic and Morphological Analysis of Sandblasted Highly Translucent Dental Zirconia

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Crystallographic and Morphological Analysis of Sandblasted Highly Translucent Dental Zirconia

Masanao Inokoshi et al. Dent Mater. .

Abstract

Objective: To assess the influence of alumina sandblasting on four highly translucent dental zirconia grades.

Methods: Fully sintered zirconia disk-shaped specimens (15-mm diameter; 0.5-mm thickness) of four highly translucent yttria partially stabilized zirconia (Y-PSZ) grades (KATANA HT, KATANA STML, KATANA UTML, Kuraray Noritake; Zpex Smile, Tosoh) were sandblasted with 50-μm alumina (Al2O3) sand (Kulzer) or left 'as-sintered' (control) (n=5). For each zirconia grade, the translucency was measured using a colorimeter. Surface roughness was assessed using 3D confocal laser microscopy, upon which the zirconia grades were statistically compared for surface roughness using a Kruskal-Wallis test (n=10). X-ray diffraction (XRD) with Rietveld analysis was used to assess the zirconia-phase composition. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to assess the potentially induced residual stress.

Results: The translucency of KATANA UTML was the highest (36.7±1.8), whereas that of KATANA HT was the lowest (29.5±0.9). The 'Al2O3-sandblasted' and 'as-sintered' zirconia revealed comparable surface-roughness Sa values. Regarding zirconia-phase composition, XRD with Rietveld analysis revealed that the 'as-sintered' KATANA UTML contained the highest amount of cubic zirconia (c-ZrO2) phase (71wt%), while KATANA HT had the lowest amount of c-ZrO2 phase (41wt%). KATANA STML and Zpex Smile had a comparable zirconia-phase composition (60wt% c-ZrO2 phase). After Al2O3-sandblasting, a significant amount (over 25wt%) of rhombohedral zirconia (r-ZrO2) phase was detected for all highly translucent zirconia grades.

Significance: Al2O3-sandblasting did not affect the surface roughness of the three highly translucent Y-PSZ zirconia grades, but it changed its phase composition.

Keywords: Alumina sandblasting; Micro-Raman; Stress; XRD; Zirconia.

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