Characterization of the Polyspecific Transferase of Murine Type I Fatty Acid Synthase (FAS) and Implications for Polyketide Synthase (PKS) Engineering

ACS Chem Biol. 2018 Mar 16;13(3):723-732. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00718. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Abstract

Fatty acid synthases (FASs) and polyketide synthases (PKSs) condense acyl compounds to fatty acids and polyketides, respectively. Both, FASs and PKSs, harbor acyltransferases (ATs), which select substrates for condensation by β-ketoacyl synthases (KSs). Here, we present the structural and functional characterization of the polyspecific malonyl/acetyltransferase (MAT) of murine FAS. We assign kinetic constants for the transacylation of the native substrates, acetyl- and malonyl-CoA, and demonstrate the promiscuity of FAS to accept structurally and chemically diverse CoA-esters. X-ray structural data of the KS-MAT didomain in a malonyl-loaded state suggests a MAT-specific role of an active site arginine in transacylation. Owing to its enzymatic properties and its accessibility as a separate domain, MAT of murine FAS may serve as versatile tool for engineering PKSs to provide custom-tailored access to new polyketides that can be applied in antibiotic and antineoplastic therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acylation
  • Acyltransferases / chemistry
  • Animals
  • Drug Discovery*
  • Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I*
  • Malonyl Coenzyme A
  • Mice
  • Polyketide Synthases / metabolism*
  • Polyketides / chemical synthesis
  • Protein Engineering / methods*
  • Transferases*

Substances

  • Polyketides
  • Malonyl Coenzyme A
  • Polyketide Synthases
  • Transferases
  • Acyltransferases
  • Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I