Golf Injuries: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Feb 15;26(4):116-123. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-15-00433.

Abstract

Increasing numbers of people are playing golf. Golf is a unique sport in that the ability to participate at a high level is not limited by age. In addition, participants tend to play more rather than less as they grow older. Injuries can occur at any point during the golf swing, from takeaway through follow-through. Upper extremity injuries can affect the hands, elbow, and shoulder and are usually a result of the golf swing at impact. Injuries are also common in the lower back as well as the lower extremities. Most injuries are the result of overuse and poor swing mechanics. When treating golfers, it is important to have a good understanding of the biomechanics and forces of the golf swing to diagnose and manage the vast spectrum of injuries incurred in this sport.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Injuries / epidemiology
  • Ankle Injuries / etiology
  • Ankle Injuries / therapy
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / etiology*
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Back Injuries / epidemiology
  • Back Injuries / etiology*
  • Back Injuries / therapy
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Elbow / injuries*
  • Golf / injuries*
  • Golf / physiology
  • Hip / physiology
  • Hip Injuries / epidemiology
  • Hip Injuries / etiology
  • Hip Injuries / therapy
  • Humans
  • Knee / physiology
  • Knee Injuries / epidemiology
  • Knee Injuries / etiology
  • Knee Injuries / therapy
  • Scapula / physiology
  • Shoulder / physiology
  • Shoulder Injuries / epidemiology
  • Shoulder Injuries / etiology*
  • Shoulder Injuries / therapy
  • Torso / physiology
  • Wrist Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wrist Injuries / etiology*
  • Wrist Injuries / therapy