[Overview of the knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Brazzaville on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome]

Rev Pneumol Clin. 2018 Feb;74(1):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pneumo.2017.12.003. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville.

Material and method: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville. The data collection was done by a self-questionnaire developed after a bibliographic analysis on the OSAS. The questionnaire was completed without recourse to a source of information.

Results: Our sample consisted of 141 (70.50%) general practitioners and 59 (29.50%) specialist physicians. The average of the knowledge score was 9.34 points±3.03 points. The general level of physician knowledge about SAS was good in 2% of cases, average in 44% of cases and low in 54% of cases. The level of knowledge was related to the number of times the OSAS diagnosis was mentioned by the physician in his practice (P<0.001), to the doctor's grade (P=0.003); to his university of origin and to the quantity of sources of information. When faced with suspects OSAS subjects, the doctor, the doctor directed the patient in 62% of the cases in ENT and in 49% in the pulmonology.

Conclusion: The knowledge of the doctors on the OSAS are weak; this results in poor management of this pathology in the Congo.

Keywords: Apnée du sommeil; Attitude; Brazzaville; Connaissance; Doctor; Knowledge; Médecin; Sleep Apnea.

MeSH terms

  • Congo
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Physicians
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / statistics & numerical data*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires