Purpose: Cytoreductive surgery combined with intraperitoneal chemotherapy has been established as the standard treatment for selected patients with peritoneal malignancy. The purpose of the study was the presentation of the 10- year experience with cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of colorectal and appendiceal origin.
Methods: Clinical and histopathological variables were retrospectively reviewed in a prospectively maintained database. All patients underwent cytoreductive surgery with the purpose of complete or near-complete cytoreduction. The variables were correlated to survival, and recurrences. Morbidity and hospital mortality were recorded.
Results: From 2006-2016 100 patients underwent cytoreductive surgery for colorectal and appendiceal carcinomas with peritoneal carcinomatosis. The hospital mortality and morbidity were 2% and 43% respectively. Completeness of cytoreduction (CC) 0 surgery was possible in 51% of the patients. The median and 10-year survival were 13 months and 23% respectively. The completeness of cytoreduction, performance status and the lymph node status were identified as prognostic indicators of survival. The recurrence rate was 55%. The completeness of cytoreduction, the lymph node status, and the use of postoperative adjuvant systemic chemotherapy were identified as prognostic variables of recurrence.
Conclusion: Nearly half of the patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of colorectal and appendiceal origin may undergo complete cytoreduction and nearly half of them may enjoy long-term survival.