Although normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) is pathogenetically heterogenous, there have been few attempts to subclassify NTG patients according to the mechanism and anatomy of optic nerve damage. This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate differences in the clinical and ocular characteristics between NTG patient groups stratified according to the degree of posterior lamina cribrosa (LC) curve which was assessed by calculating LC curvature index (LCCI). A total of 101 eyes of 101 treatment naïve NTG patients were included. The optic nerve head was imaged using enhanced-depth-imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in three horizontal B-scan images in each eye. The patients were divided into two groups based on the magnitude of LCCI using a cutoff of known upper 95 percentile value in healthy subjects: a steeply curved LC group (Group 1, 75 eyes, 74.3%) and a relatively flat LC group (Group 2, 26 eyes, 25.7%). NTG eyes with relatively flat LC had lower intraocular pressure, and were associated with greater parapapillary structural alternation and systemic risk factors. These data suggest that assessment of LC morphology may help clinicians seek additional risk factors and make inferences about the mechanism of optic nerve damage in individual patients.