Reweighted Low-Rank Matrix Analysis With Structural Smoothness for Image Denoising

IEEE Trans Image Process. 2018 Apr;27(4):1777-1792. doi: 10.1109/TIP.2017.2781425.


In this paper, we develop a new low-rank matrix recovery algorithm for image denoising. We incorporate the total variation (TV) norm and the pixel range constraint into the existing reweighted low-rank matrix analysis to achieve structural smoothness and to significantly improve quality in the recovered image. Our proposed mathematical formulation of the low-rank matrix recovery problem combines the nuclear norm, TV norm, and norm, thereby allowing us to exploit the low-rank property of natural images, enhance the structural smoothness, and detect and remove large sparse noise. Using the iterative alternating direction and fast gradient projection methods, we develop an algorithm to solve the proposed challenging non-convex optimization problem. We conduct extensive performance evaluations on single-image denoising, hyper-spectral image denoising, and video background modeling from corrupted images. Our experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art low-rank matrix recovery methods, particularly for large random noise. For example, when the density of random sparse noise is 30%, for single-image denoising, our proposed method is able to improve the quality of the restored image by up to 4.21 dB over existing methods.