Background: Spontaneous formation of subconjunctival filtering blebs is rare and has been observed after penetrating ocular surgery, in association with connective tissue diseases and inflammatory conditions.
Method: We describe here a case of a spontaneous formation of subconjunctival filtering bleb as sequelae of gonococcal conjunctivitis in an adult patient.
Results: Spontaneous filtering bleb is a rare complication of gonococcal conjunctivitis. In this case, the patient presented with a recent history of gonococcal conjunctivitis treated with moxifloxacin eye drops and intravenous cephalothin for a week. On the first exam, there was superior corneal thinning with surrounding conjunctival hyperemia and edema in the right eye, but after the patient lost the follow-up for 2 weeks, the corneal thinning had become a pseudopterygium. After another week, we observed a focal elevation on the superior conjunctiva that had the appearance of a bleb, although the anterior chamber remained deep. The filtering bleb was confirmed by ultrasound biomicroscopy examination (UBM).
Conclusion: This case is relevant to the clinical practice because filtering blebs should be considered as a complication of gonococcal conjunctivitis because they pose a threat to the eye when substantial leakage occurs.
Keywords: Gonococcal conjunctivitis; Spontaneous filtering bleb.