Thirty-day readmissions following parathyroidectomy: Evidence from the National Readmissions Database, 2013-2014

Am J Otolaryngol. Mar-Apr 2018;39(2):82-87. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.01.006. Epub 2018 Jan 10.


Purpose: Parathyroidectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States, and are increasingly being performed safely in the outpatient setting. However, complications from surgery can be life-threatening, and thus an understanding of who may be at risk is essential. We analyzed and compared the risk factors for patients readmitted within 30 days following inpatient parathyroidectomy for primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Materials and methods: We reviewed the National Readmissions Database from 2013 to 2014 for patients who received inpatient parathyroidectomy for primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. The primary outcome was non-elective readmission within 30 days. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze risk factor odds ratios for readmission.

Results: 7171 patients underwent inpatient parathyroidectomies in 2013 and 2014. 59.89% of parathyroidectomies were performed for primary hyperparathyroidism, with a 5.6% readmission rate. Most common causes of readmission were septicemia (13.69%), hypocalcemia (12.86%), heart failure (10.79%) and renal failure (9.54%). Having Medicare (OR: 1.71, CI:1.14-2.59, p = .01), Medicaid (OR: 3.24, CI: 2.03-5.17, p < .001), and self-paying (OR: 2.43, CI: 1.11-5.32, p = .02), were associated with increased odds of readmission for those with primary hyperparathyroidism. 21.99% of parathyroidectomies were performed for secondary hyperparathyroidism, with a 19.4% readmission rate. Most common causes of readmission were hypocalcemia (22.88%), hungry bone syndrome (14.38%), electrolyte disorders (13.73%), and renal failure (11.11%).

Conclusion: Patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism are older, poorer and have more comorbidities than patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, and are more likely to be readmitted within 30 days of parathyroidectomy.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism / surgery*
  • Hypocalcemia / epidemiology*
  • Hypocalcemia / etiology
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Inpatients / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroidectomy / adverse effects*
  • Patient Readmission / trends*
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult