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Randomized Controlled Trial
, 24 (1), 5-10

Eating Behavior Traits of Successful Weight Losers During 12 Months of Alternate-Day Fasting: An Exploratory Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial

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Randomized Controlled Trial

Eating Behavior Traits of Successful Weight Losers During 12 Months of Alternate-Day Fasting: An Exploratory Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Cynthia M Kroeger et al. Nutr Health.

Abstract

Background: Alternate-day fasting (ADF) has gained popularity in recent years. The diet consists of a "fast day" where an individual consumes 0-25% of their energy needs, alternated with a "feast day" where a person is permitted to eat ad libitum.

Aim: This study examined eating behavior traits of successful weight losers during alternate day fasting.

Methods: Obese participants ( n = 34) took part in 12 months of ADF and were grouped into a high (≥5%) or low-weight-loss (<5%) group post-treatment.

Results: The high-weight-loss group demonstrated increased ( p = 0.04) fullness, decreased ( p = 0.03) hunger, increased dietary protein intake (15% to 20% of kcal, p = 0.04), and better adherence to fast-day calorie goals.

Conclusions: Thus, individuals who achieve clinically significant weight loss with ADF demonstrate improved satiety, increased protein intake, and better adherence to fast-day calorie goals.

Keywords: Weight loss success; alternate day fasting; body weight; eating behavior traits; obese adults.

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