Background: Disease activity of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) predicts health-related quality of life (HRQL) and work-related outcomes (eg, absenteeism, productivity). We tested whether outcomes differed among patients in complete (clinical and endoscopic) remission, partial remission, or not in remission following treatment with multimatrix mesalamine.
Methods: Data were from an open-label, multicountry, prospective trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01124149) of 717 adults with active mild-to-moderate UC treated with 4.8 g/day multimatrix mesalamine tablets for 8 weeks (induction period); 459 patients who achieved partial or complete remission received daily 2.4 g/day multimatrix mesalamine for 12 additional months (maintenance period). HRQL (SF-12v2 Health Survey and Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire) and work-related outcomes (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire) were assessed at baseline and final visits of each treatment period. Differences in scores by remission status within each treatment period were tested using analysis of variance and analysis of covariance models, whereas mixed-effects models with repeated measures tested changes over time.
Results: At their final visit of each treatment period, patients in partial remission scored significantly better on all HRQL and work-related domains than patients not in remission (all Bonferroni-adjusted P < 0.05). Scores for patients in partial remission were, almost without exception, statistically equivalent to those for patients in complete remission. Fluctuating between complete and partial remission during maintenance treatment had no impact on outcomes.
Conclusions: Patients in partial remission following multimatrix mesalamine treatment had HRQL and work-related outcomes equivalent to patients in complete remission. Achievement and maintenance of partial remission may be sufficient for improvements in patients' functioning, well-being, and work performance.
Keywords: health-related quality of life; multimatrix mesalamine; presenteeism; ulcerative colitis; work-related outcomes.
© 2018 Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America.