Manipulating the Architecture of Atomically Thin Transition Metal (Hydr)oxides for Enhanced Oxygen Evolution Catalysis

ACS Nano. 2018 Feb 27;12(2):1878-1886. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.7b08691. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Abstract

Graphene-like nanomaterials have received tremendous research interest due to their atomic thickness and fascinating properties. Previous studies mainly focus on the modulation of their electronic structures, which undoubtedly optimizes the electronic properties, but is not the only determinant of performance in practical applications. Herein, we propose a generalized strategy to incrementally manipulate the architectures of several atomically thin transition metal (hydr)oxides, and study their effects on catalytic water oxidation. The results demonstrate the obvious superiority of a wrinkled nanosheet architecture in both catalytic activity and durability. For instance, wrinkled Ni(OH)2 nanosheets display a low overpotential of 358.2 mV at 10 mA cm-2, a high current density of 187.2 mA cm-2 at 500 mV, a small Tafel slope of 54.4 mV dec-1, and excellent long-term durability with gradually optimized performance, significantly outperforming other nanosheet architectures and previously reported catalysts. The outstanding catalytic performance is mainly attributable to the 3D porous network structure constructed by wrinkled nanosheets, which not only provides sufficient contact between electrode materials and current collector, but also offers highly accessible channels for facile electrolyte diffusion and efficient O2 escape. Our study provides a perspective on improving the performance of graphene-like nanomaterials in a wide range of practical applications.

Keywords: architecture; atomically thin; catalysis; nanosheets; oxygen evolution reaction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't