Background: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in morbidly obese patients after obesity surgery is between .2% and 3.5%. Because there are a lack of prospective studies on the type of drug, the correct dosage, and the optimal duration, there are no specific recommendations found in the guidelines on thrombophylaxis.
Objectives: To compare the incidence of VTE and hemorrhagic events in bariatric surgical patients receiving bemiparin thromboprophylaxis who have prophylactic and nonprophylactic Anti-factor Xa (AFXa) levels.
Setting: University General Hospital of Ciudad Real, Spain, public practice.
Methods: A cohort study of 122 morbidly obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The thromboprophylactic regimen consisted of bemiparin 5000 IU/24 hr for 30 days. AFXa levels were measured on the second and third day postoperation (prophylactic range: .3-.5 IU/mL). Body mass index, co-morbidities, prothrombotic risk factors, and thrombotic and hemorrhagic events were noted.
Results: The mean body mass index was 48.4 kg/m2. In 50 samples, the level of AFXa was within the prophylactic range; in 71, they were in the subprophylactic range. No VTEs were observed. Major hemorrhagic events were observed in 2.4%. We did not find a significant association between AFXa and thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events. There is a significant negative correlation between the level of AFXa and body mass index.
Conclusion: A regimen of 5000 IU/24 hr of bemiparin for 30 days after obesity surgery appears to prevent VTE without increasing the risk of a major hemorrhage. The level of AFXa is not associated with postoperative thrombotic or hemorrhagic events occurring after bariatric surgery.
Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Bemiparin; Morbid obesity; Venous thromboembolism.
Copyright © 2018 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.